Jesus Christ and Islam

JESUS CHRIST AND ISLAM

What did Muhammed teach about Jesus Christ? Islam regards Jesus as a prophet but not as the Son of God. Islam also says that Jesus didn’t die on the cross. This is because it says in the Koran:

That they (the wrong-doers) said (in boast), ‘We killed the Christ Jesus son of Mary, the Messenger of Allah’; – but they killed him not, nor crucified him, but so it was made to appear to them [or it appeared so unto them], and those who differ therein are full of doubts, with no (certain) knowledge, but only conjecture to follow, for of a surety they killed him not: Nay, Allah raised him up unto Himself; and Allah is Exalted in Power, Wise.

 

Koran 4:157.

There are several interpretations of this verse. Some Muslims believe that Jesus was not on the cross long enough to die, or that His immortal body simply did not die on the cross. Others believe that someone with the appearance of Jesus was crucified, but not Jesus Himself. However, it should also be acknowledged that there are a small minority of Muslims who do accept that Jesus was crucified and killed.



God’s Word, the Bible, teaches us that Jesus Christ is the Son of God. We read that Peter said to Jesus; “’We have believed and have come to know that You are the Holy One of God.’” (John 6:69). His disciples said; “And those who were in the boat worshiped Him, saying, “’You are certainly God’s Son!’” (Matthew 14:33). John the Baptist said of Christ; “’I myself have seen, and have testified that this is the Son of God. ’” (John 1:34). Nathanael said to Christ; “ … ‘Rabbi, You are the Son of God; You are the King of Israel. ’” (John 1:49).

Jesus referred to God as His Father in the following Scripture verses:

 

Jesus then said to them, ‘Truly, truly, I say to you, it is not Moses who has given you the bread out of heaven, but it is My Father who gives you the true bread out of heaven. (John 6:32).

 

‘I speak the things which I have seen with My Father; therefore you also do the things which you heard from your father.’ (John 8:38).

‘I and the Father are one.’ (John 10:30)

.

‘If I do not do the works of My Father, do not believe Me; (John 10:37).

 

Even in Jesus’ lifetime on earth, many rejected His claim to be the Son of God. We read:

For this reason therefore the Jews were seeking all the more to kill Him, because He not only was breaking the Sabbath, but also was calling God His own Father, making Himself equal with God. (John 5:18).

Scripture records a conversation between Jesus and a lame man whom Jesus had healed. The man had been cast out of the synagogue. We read:

Jesus heard that they had put him out, and finding him, He said, ‘Do you believe in the Son of Man?’ He answered, ‘Who is He, Lord, that I may believe in Him?’ Jesus said to him, ‘You have both seen Him, and He is the one who is talking with you.’ And he said, ‘Lord, I believe.’ And he worshiped Him.

John 9:35-38

Scripture also tells us of some Jews being offended at Jesus’ claiming to be the Son of God. He responds with these words:

Jesus answered them, ‘Has it not been written in your Law, ‘I said, you are gods’? If he called them gods, to whom the word of God came (and the Scripture cannot be broken), do you say of Him, whom the Father sanctified and sent into the world, ‘You are blaspheming,’ because I said, ‘I am the Son of God’? If I do not do the works of My Father, do not believe Me; but if I do them, though you do not believe Me, believe the works, so that you may know and understand that the Father is in Me, and I in the Father.’

John 10:34-38

God the Father, in fact, testified of Jesus. We read:

After being baptized, Jesus came up immediately from the water; and behold, the heavens were opened, and he saw the Spirit of God descending as a dove and lighting on Him, and behold, a voice out of the heavens said, ‘This is My beloved Son, in whom I am well-pleased.’

Matthew 3:16, 17

Not only does God’s Word, the Bible, declare Jesus to be the Son of God, it also declares Him to be God in human flesh. Jesus came to earth as a human baby, grew up and ministered as a man before being crucified, rising again and ascending to heaven, as a man.

Truly, Jesus Christ is the most amazing person to have walked this earth. His teachings were the most profound ever spoken by a man. His actions and works were the most faultless ever witnessed. Many individuals, or religions such as Islam, acknowledge Him as a good man, however, the Bible teaches that Jesus Christ was more than just a man. The Bible repeatedly refers to Jesus as being God, for example; “In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.” (John 1:1). The Word in these verses is a reference to Jesus. The Apostle Paul says; “whose are the fathers, and from whom is the Christ according to the flesh, who is over all, God blessed forever. Amen. ” (Romans 9:5) and; “looking for the blessed hope and the appearing of the glory of our great God and Savior, Christ Jesus,” (Titus 2:13). The disciple, Thomas, testified that Jesus was God by addressing Him as such; “Thomas answered and said to Him,“ ‘My Lord and my God! ’” (John 20:28). When we read further, we see that Jesus did not rebuke this statement but accepted Thomas’ worship. The Bible shows us God the Father, addressing Jesus  the Son as God; “But of the Son He says,

‘Your throne, O God, is forever and ever,
And the righteous scepter is the scepter of His kingdom.” (Hebrews 1:8) Jesus is called Emmanuel, which means, “God with us.” (see Isaiah 7:14/Matthew 1:23).

There are also divine actions or works that Christ has done, and shall do. Jesus created all things; “ All things came into being through Him, and apart from Him nothing came into being that has come into being. ” (John 1:3) and; “For by Him all things were created, both in the heavens and on earth, visible and invisible, whether thrones or dominions or rulers or authorities—all things have been created through Him and for Him. ” (Colossians 1:16). Jesus preserves all things; “And He is the radiance of His glory and the exact representation of His nature, and upholds all things by the word of His power. When He had made purification of sins, He sat down at the right hand of the Majesty on high, ” (Hebrews 1:3). Jesus forgives sin; “And Jesus seeing their faith *said to the paralytic, ‘Son, your sins are forgiven.’” (Mark 2:5). Jesus gives eternal life; “and I give eternal life to them, and they will never perish; and no one will snatch them out of My hand. ” (John 10:28) and; “even as You gave Him authority over all flesh, that to all whom You have given Him, He may give eternal life. ” (John17:2). Jesus has power to raise the dead. He said, “’This is the will of Him who sent Me, that of all that He has given Me I lose nothing, but raise it up on the last day. For this is the will of My Father, that everyone who beholds the Son and believes in Him will have eternal life, and I Myself will raise him up on the last day.’ ” (John 6:39-40). Jesus receives prayer; “To the church of God which is at Corinth, to those who have been sanctified in Christ Jesus, saints by calling, with all who in every place call on the name of our Lord Jesus Christ, their Lord and ours: ”(1 Corinthians 1:2) and; “They went on stoning Stephen as he called on the Lord and said, ‘Lord Jesus, receive my spirit!’” (Acts 7:59). Jesus will execute judgments; “I solemnly charge you in the presence of God and of Christ Jesus, who is to judge the living and the dead, and by His appearing and His kingdom: ” (2 Timothy 4:1).

God, alone, may be worshiped, (see Luke 4:8) yet, Jesus’ followers worshiped Him; “And those who were in the boat worshiped Him, saying, ‘You are certainly God’s Son!’” (Matthew 14:33). We also read; “ And behold, Jesus met them and greeted them. And they came up and took hold of His feet and worshiped Him. ” (Matthew 28:9) and; “And they, after worshiping Him, returned to Jerusalem with great joy, ” (Luke 24:52). Even the angels are commanded to worship him; “And when He again brings the firstborn into the world, He says,

“And let all the angels of God worship Him..’” (Hebrews 1:6). One day, every knee shall bow to Jesus Christ; “so that at the name of Jesus every knee will bow, of those who are in heaven and on earth and under the earth, and that every tongue will confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father..(Philippians 2:10, 11).

Some would ask, “Is not Jesus the son of God, and does that not make him someone other than God?” The terms “son” and “father” are not best understood from our Western World View, but rather from the Semitic backgrounds that these passages were written in. The Semitic concept of “son” emphasizes “likeness or sameness of nature” 2 Some will ask, “Are not Christians sons of God, and if so, isn’t Christ the same as any Christian man”? Again, there is a difference. Jesus is the Son of God by His own right, but His followers are God’s sons by adoption.

Jesus is unique. Men and women begin their lives at birth. He, however, existed before His birth. He existed from all eternity. The Bible, referring to Jesus as the Word, teaches; “In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.” (John 1:1).  Jesus is by nature God. We also read; “Jesus said to them, ‘Truly, truly, I say to you, before Abraham was born, I am.’” (John 8:58). Jesus also prayed; “ ‘Now, Father, glorify Me together with Yourself, with the glory which I had with You before the world was. ” (John 17 :5).

As well as God’s Word, the Bible, declaring Jesus Christ to be God in human flesh, it also tells us that He died by crucifixion, an atoning death for mankind.

 

There is no man who has endured so great a torture, even to the point of death, as Jesus Christ. Jesus said; “ ‘For even the Son of Man did not come to be served, but to serve, and to give His life a ransom for many.’” (Mark 10:45). We read in the Bible of Jesus sharing a final supper with His disciples before His crucifixion. As they gathered around a table, Jesus proceeded to break bread, hand it to them and say; “ …’Take, eat; this is My body. ’” (Matthew 26:26). This broken bread symbolized His body which would soon be broken upon the cross. He then gave thanks and shared with the disciples a cup of wine, saying; “…’Drink from it, all of you;  for this is My blood of the covenant, which is poured out for many for forgiveness of sins. ” (Matthew 26:27-28). The drink symbolized His precious blood. The bread and drink were to be a sign to the disciples of what was about to happen shortly. Jesus and His disciples then went to a place called the Garden of Gethsemane. There, Jesus found a spot and He prayed to His Father. He struggled with what He knew was about to happen to Him. The Bible says that He was very sorrowful; “ And being in agony He was praying very fervently; and His sweat became like drops of blood, falling down upon the ground. ” (Luke 22:44). Soon, armed soldiers came for Him. His disciples, it appeared, were prepared to fight. One of His disciples did act violently and, with a sword, cut off the ear of the servant of the high priest. Jesus interrupted at this point. Let us look at two accounts of His response:

 

Then Jesus *said to him, ‘Put your sword back into its place; for all those who take up the sword shall perish by the sword. Or do you think that I cannot appeal to My Father, and He will at once put at My disposal more than twelve legions of angels? How then will the Scriptures be fulfilled, which say that it must happen this way?’

Matthew 26:52-54

 

Again, in the Book of John, it is said this way; “So Jesus said to Peter, ‘Put the sword into the sheath; the cup which the Father has given Me, shall I not drink it? ’” (John 18:11).

Jesus was then taken and tried by the Jewish leaders and Pontius Pilate and, at the will of the crowds of people, a death sentence was passed upon Him. He was blindfolded, beaten, spit upon, mocked and even a crown of thorns was placed on His head. Despite the agony of His wounds, He was made to walk to a place called Golgotha, while carrying His cross for a part of that distance. Nails were driven into His hands and feet and His cross, with Him upon it, was erected for all to see. In His final hours, He granted eternal life to one of the two thieves who was also being crucified beside Him. He prayed to God, His Father, asking God to forgive even the executioners who were doing this to Him. His very words were; “ … ‘Father, forgive them; for they do not know what they are doing.’ … ” (Luke 23:34). He cried out again with a loud voice and yielded up His Spirit.

Dear reader, I wonder if you understand the cup from which Jesus Christ had to drink. For, remember, in the Garden of Gethsemane when His disciples, or at least Peter, would have fought for His freedom, He stopped them from doing any more than they did with these words; “… ‘Put the sword into the sheath; the cup which the Father has given Me, shall I not drink it? ’” (John 18:11). The cup, which symbolizes the wrath of God, was made for us as a consequence for our many sins. Jesus drank it instead, in our place, to spare us from this fate. Remember, He could have prayed for twelve legions of angels to deliver Him. However, that would have left you and me holding the cup, leaving us without hope before the judgment throne of God.

He was despised and rejected by men. He was oppressed and afflicted. He was silent before His accusers, like a lamb before his shearers. He was cut off from the land of the living.

We read in Isaiah:

 

Surely our griefs He Himself bore,
And our sorrows He carried;
Yet we ourselves esteemed Him stricken,
Smitten of God, and afflicted.

But He was pierced through for our transgressions,
He was crushed for our iniquities;
The chastening for our well-being fell upon Him,
And by His scourging we are healed.
All of us like sheep have gone astray,
Each of us has turned to his own way;
But the Lord has caused the iniquity of us all
To fall on Him.

 

Isaiah 53:4-6

 

 

The account of the life of Jesus Christ does not end with His death on the cross, but it triumphs with His resurrection from the dead. Before His death, Jesus repeatedly spoke about this great miracle that would occur:

 

Then He took the twelve aside and said to them, ‘Behold, we are going up to Jerusalem, and all things which are written through the prophets about the Son of Man will be accomplished. For He will be handed over to the Gentiles, and will be mocked and mistreated and spit upon, and after they have scourged Him, they will kill Him; and the third day He will rise again.’

Luke 18:31-33

 

We also read in the Book of John:

 

Jesus answered them, ‘Destroy this temple, and in three days I will raise it up.’ The Jews then said, ‘It took forty-six years to build this temple, and will You raise it up in three days?’ But He was speaking of the temple of His body. So when He was raised from the dead, His disciples remembered that He said this; and they believed the Scripture and the word which Jesus had spoken.

John 2:19-22

 

In this passage, Jesus is dealing with Pharisees who were insisting that they be shown a miraculous sign that would confirm Jesus’ authority. Jesus responds by saying that the temple would be destroyed and He would raise it up. They thought that He was referring to the temple in Jerusalem but, rather, He was referring to His very own body which would be destroyed in death and raised in resurrection.

These and other prophecies of Christ’s death found their fulfillment in the crucifixion. The greatest miracle, and further fulfillment of these divine prophecies, happened only three days later. His body was laid in the tomb of Joseph of Arimathea. The opening was sealed with a large boulder. A Roman garrison was deployed to guard the tomb. However, at the appointed time, the ground shook with a violent earthquake and an angel descended and moved the boulder. We read:

Now after the Sabbath, as it began to dawn toward the first day of the week, Mary Magdalene and the other Mary came to look at the grave. And behold, a severe earthquake had occurred, for an angel of the Lord descended from heaven and came and rolled away the stone and sat upon it. And his appearance was like lightning, and his clothing as white as snow. The guards shook for fear of him and became like dead men. The angel said to the women, ‘Do not be afraid; for I know that you are looking for Jesus who has been crucified. He is not here, for He has risen, just as He said. Come, see the place where He was lying. Go quickly and tell His disciples that He has risen from the dead; and behold, He is going ahead of you into Galilee, there you will see Him; behold, I have told you.’ And they left the tomb quickly with fear and great joy and ran to report it to His disciples.

Matthew 28:1-8

 

The resurrection of Jesus Christ has very important meaning. It was the final proof that everything He had said was true. Because He rose from physical death to life, then ascended to heaven, He has the authority to grant spiritual life to spiritually dead men and women. His resurrection also is held out as proof that He will judge the world. God “… declaring to men that all people everywhere should repent, because He has fixed a day in which He will judge the world in righteousness through a Man whom He has appointed, having furnished proof to all men by raising Him from the dead.’” (Acts 17:30-31).

In the book of Revelation, John records seeing a vision of Christ:

 

When I saw Him, I fell at His feet like a dead man. And He placed His right hand on me, saying, “Do not be afraid; I am the first and the last, and the living One; and I was dead, and behold, I am alive forevermore, and I have the keys of death and of Hades.

Revelation 1:17-18

 

Jesus’ death is pictured and prophesied throughout the Old Testament, being representatively seen through such sacrifices as Abel’s sacrifice (see Genesis 4:4), the Passover lamb (see Exodus 12:1-28) and the Leviticul sacrifices (see Leviticus 1-7). 4

 

While some have talked of Jesus’ death as being simply a great example of obedience to God, it is this, and more. Jesus’ death was not just an example; it was an atonement. The word “atonement” means “ … to forgive sin, to discharge from punishment; in its noun form, an expiation, a propitiation, a redemption.” 5 This is precisely what Jesus did, that is, He provided an atonement. The penalty which we deserve for our sins, He suffered in our place, that we might be forgiven.

Atonement is the basis for God’s forgiveness. God is a God of great forgiveness. His Word tells us; “’For I will be merciful to their iniquities,
And I will remember their sins no more.’” (Hebrews 8:12). Probably the best Old Testament scriptures which show us Christ’s death as being on our behalf are in Isaiah 53:5-6:

But He was pierced through for our transgressions,
He was crushed for our iniquities;
The chastening for our well-being fell upon Him,
And by His scourging we are healed.
All of us like sheep have gone astray,
Each of us has turned to his own way;
But the Lord has caused the iniquity of us all
To fall on Him.

(Isaiah 53:5-6).

 

We transgressed the laws of God – He was wounded. We committed iniquity – He was bruised. He was chastised for our peace. We had gone astray and the LORD laid on Him the iniquity of us all. This is atonement.

It is because Jesus’ blood was shed that our life can be spared. It is because His blood was poured out that our sins may be forgiven and washed away. That is why the Scriptures say; “Much more then, having now been justified by His blood, we shall be saved from the wrath of God through Him. ” (Romans 5:9) and; “For Christ also died for sins once for all, the just for the unjust, so that He might bring us to God, having been put to death in the flesh, but made alive in the spirit; ” (1 Peter 3:18). Another scripture which shows the cleansing power of Jesus’ blood reads; “ …. and the blood of Jesus His Son cleanses us from all sin. ” (1 John 1:7). We also read; “But God demonstrates His own love toward us, in that while we were yet sinners, Christ died for us.” (Romans 5:8).

Jesus was condemned so that, through what He has done on our behalf, we may receive pardon. Pardon is to be acquitted of guilt and penalty. This is man’s greatest need. We can receive pardon because Jesus’ death has power to take away our sins. Again, the Scriptures say; “ You know that He appeared in order to take away sins; and in Him there is no sin. ” (1 John 3:5). Friend, the reason Jesus came to this world, was to take away your sins and mine. Jesus is the Savior Who takes our sins away and brings salvation to our souls. That is why the Bible records the angels’ announcement; “But the angel said to them, ‘Do not be afraid; for behold, I bring you good news of great joy which will be for all the people; for today in the city of David there has been born for you a Savior, who is Christ the Lord. ” (Luke 2:10,11).

 

Friend, one day, around two thousand years ago, Jesus Christ drank a very bitter cup. It was the cup of God’s wrath. He did not deserve this wrath, but drank it on your behalf, and on mine. He was accused falsely. He was sentenced to death. He was mocked. He was whipped and beaten. He, Himself, carried His cross part of the way to Golgotha’s hill. He was nailed to it. He did not utter threats or hate from the cross. Instead, He offered words of hope and forgiveness. Now that same forgiveness is offered to you. He was wounded for our transgressions. He was bruised for our iniquities. The atoning sacrifice has been made for our sins. If you don’t know what it is like to have your sins forgiven by God, then come to Him today. All that is needed is your response of having the atonement applied to your own sins, personally. Heaven waits, God the Father waits, and Jesus Christ waits for you to surrender your whole life to Him and His will, and for you to repent and put faith in Him and His sacrifice. Jesus has suffered for you and for me. We committed sin and He was totally pure. Yet He suffered, the just for the unjust, that He might bring us to God, that we would be brought to God for forgiveness, restoration, healing, deliverance and a new life of following Him.

It is right for the person who realizes his or her guilt and sin to cry out to God for forgiveness. Such a cry of surrendering one’s life to God and pleading for His forgiveness will never be ignored by God. Scripture records numerous prayers of people who called on God for forgiveness. The prophet Daniel prayed; “O Lord, hear! O Lord, forgive! O Lord, listen and take action! For Your own sake, O my God, do not delay, because Your city and Your people are called by Your name. ’ ” (Daniel 9:19). King David prayed; “For Your name’s sake, O Lord, Pardon my iniquity, for it is great. ” (Psalm 25:11). We are told in Luke’s Gospel of the tax collector, in Jesus’ parable, who prayed; “But the tax collector, standing some distance away, was even unwilling to lift up his eyes to heaven, but was beating his breast, saying, ‘God, be merciful to me, the sinner! ’” (Luke 18:13).

 

We have learned that Jesus was not just a prophet, as Muslims believe, but that He is the Son of God. In fact, Jesus is God, Himself. He came to earth as human, lived a sinless life, did miracles, healed and taught the people. He gave His life in sacrifice to save mankind from their sins, and eternal judgment, then rose from the dead and ascended to heaven, from where He will return to take His followers home to heaven.

 

 

Endnotes:

1 George W. Braswell Jr. What You Need to Know About Islam and Muslims (Nashville: Broadman & Holman Publishers, 2000) 19.

2 Loraine Bottner, Studies In Theology (U.S.A.: Reformed Publishing Co., 1975)152-153.

3 Spiros Zodhiates, Was Christ God? (Chattanooga: AMG Publishers,1994),43.

4 Henry Clarence Thiessen, Lectures In Systematic Theology (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans Publishing Co., 1989), 229.

5 John Miley, D.D., LL.D., Systematic Theology, Vol. 2(Peabody: Hendrickson Publications, 1989), 79. Systematic Theology Vol. 1 by John Miley, D.D., LLD., Copyright 1989 by Hendrickson Publishers, Peabody, Massachusetts. Used by permission. All rights reserved.   187.

 

References :

Ankerberg, John and Dillon Burroughs. What’s the Big Deal About Other Religions. Eugene: Harvest House Publishers, 2008.

Bottner, Loraine. Studies In Theology. U.S.A.: Reformed Publishing Co., 1975.

Braswell Jr. George W. What You Need to Know About Islam and Muslims. Nashville: Broadman & Holman Publishers, 2000.

Miley, John, D.D., LL.D. Systematic Theology, Vol. 2. Peabody: Hendrickson Publications, 1989.

Thiessen, Henry Clarence. Lectures In Systematic Theology. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans Publishing Co., 1989.

Wikipedia : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Islamic_view_of_Jesus’_death

Wolff, Richard. The Popular Encyclopedia of World Religions. Eugene: Harvest House Publishers, 2007.

Zodhiates, Spiros. Was Christ God? Chattanooga: AMG Publishers,1994.

 

Scripture quotations taken from the New American Standard Bible®,
Copyright © 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973,
1975, 1977, 1995 by The Lockman Foundation
Used by permission.” (www.Lockman.org)